8 Tips for Having 'The Talk' with Elderly Parents
Talking about estate planning is a difficult, emotional topic but it’s essential for every family, especially in these uncertain times.
Unless you’re certain your parents have an up-to-date will and a wider plan for what should happen in the event of their passing, you shouldn’t assume everything will be taken care of.
According to a 2017 survey, less than half of Americans have a will. If your mother or father dies intestate – meaning without a will – such a situation could lead to added emotional strain and stress. And it could have financial implications for all their children and/or other family members.
The following eight tips can help you discuss the hard topics thoroughly and respectfully and prepare you for the road ahead.
1. Plan What You Can
Discussing estate planning and all it entails is not something that should happen without any planning. Make a list of topics and questions, then let your parents know what you want to chat about with them.
If possible, set a time and date and choose a private venue that everyone will feel comfortable in. Be aware that you may need to schedule a few conversations as there could be too much to cover in one sitting. Remember to use language that’s respectful and supportive, and to take a breather if emotions run high or the stress becomes overwhelming.
2. Identify Key People
There are several key people you may need to contact for estate planning purposes. Ask your parents for the names and contact details of their:
Financial planner and/or accountant
Minister of religion
3. Address the Topic of a Will
Determine whether there is an existing will in place and whether the document is up to date. If a will was created more than five years ago, check to see if they’d consider reviewing it to ensure it’s a true reflection of their wishes. Establish where they keep the document and confirm who they’ve appointed as the executor/s. The same goes for any trust that may have been created.
4. Talk About Power of Attorney
Find out whether your parents have appointed someone to manage their financial and other affairs if they become incapacitated. If they haven’t given someone power of attorney, suggest they consider doing so.
5. Discuss End-of-Life Wishes
Even though the subject may be uncomfortable to talk about, you should discuss your parents’ end-of-life wishes with them. Find out if your parents have completed a health care proxy form. This form allows them to designate someone to make medical decisions if they become incapable of making those decisions themselves.
6. Ask About Insurance Policies
Talk about the type of insurance policies in place. That includes:
Health insurance – Medicare or private
Long-term care insurance
In some cases, there may be seniors funeral insurance or other policies intended to cover funeral or burial payments. You’ll need to know about these too and have all their details.
If you haven’t already done so, take note of the names and contact details of the insurance brokers. Check where the policy documents are kept, and if possible, make certified copies of them.
7. Request Access to Tax Returns
It can be helpful to know where tax return paperwork is stored. While these documents may not be necessary after death, they could be required if the estate becomes complicated. Confirm where you can find these documents and that they’re all up to date.
8. Discuss All Other Practicalities
In addition to subjects such as power of attorney and insurance, there are several other practicalities you should include in your conversations.
Make a list of their accounts – financial accounts such as bank and mutual fund, credit accounts, and store accounts
Check if they are registered organ donors or whether they would consider donating their organs
Talk about the memorial service they want and whether they want to be buried, cremated, or some other option.
Estate planning conversations are tough no matter how you tackle them. Try your best to be patient with your parents and transparent with other family members about what you’re doing. If you have siblings, invite them to be part of the conversation. If your parents aren't willing to talk to you about it, then respect their wishes. Ultimately it is their own life and they don't have to discuss this with you.
Accept that these talks can take time and avoid placing pressure on those involved to get it all done in a few hours. The smaller details are critical and should not be rushed.
As estate planning and elder law attorneys, we are ready to help your parents if they need to establish an estate plan or need to make changes to a current estate plan. As much as you may want to help them with this process, it is important to remember that unless they are incapacitated, they are in charge. Therefore, we prefer if they reach out to our office to discuss their needs. If they wish to invite you in on the conversation, then you are welcome to join in.
The attorneys at Senior Solutions are here to help with all of your Estate Planning and Elder Law needs. If you would like to find out more, please contact us at 617-489-5900 or by email at email@example.com. We hope that you and your family stay safe and healthy during these difficult times.